Low sperm counts in a man’s ejaculate are a sign of the medical disorder oligospermia. A sperm count of less than 15 million sperm per milliliter of semen is specifically referred to. Oligozoospermia can make it more difficult for couples to conceive by contributing to male infertility.
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Male infertility disorder oligozoospermia is identified when a man’s sperm count is below the normal range. Sperm count, which is commonly expressed in millions of sperm per milliliter (ml) of ejaculate, counts the amount of sperm cells in a sample of semen. Typically, sperm counts of 15 million or more per milliliter are regarded as normal.


Oligozoospermia is a condition in which a man’s semen contains less sperm than normal. Because fewer sperm are available to fertilize an egg during sexual activity, this may make it more challenging for couples to conceive naturally.


Oligozoospermia may have a number of underlying causes, including:

  1. Medical disorders: Oligozoospermia can result from disorders that impact sperm production, such as hormone imbalances, infections, or hereditary reasons.
  2. Lifestyle Factors: Poor sperm production and quality can be caused by bad habits like smoking, binge drinking, drug use, obesity, and high levels of stress.
  3. 3. Environmental Factors: Exposure to toxins, radiation, or certain medications can also affect sperm production.
  4. 4. Obstructions: Physical blockages or obstructions in the male reproductive tract can prevent the normal release of sperm during ejaculation.
  5. 5. Idiopathic: In some cases, the exact cause of oligozoospermia may remain unknown.

How can I prevent a low sperm count in men

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Adopting a healthy lifestyle and reducing risk factors that could have a detrimental impact on sperm production and quality are two ways to prevent oligozoospermia. You can take the following actions to lessen your chance of having oligozoospermia:

1. Maintain a Healthy Diet: Consume a diet that is well-balanced and full of fresh produce, healthy grains, and lean proteins. Consume meals rich in antioxidants, such as those containing vitamins C and E, as these may aid in sperm damage prevention.

2. Stay Hydrated: Drink a lot of water to support healthy body processes, particularly the creation of sperm.

3. Control Stress: High amounts of stress can affect the release of hormones, especially those involved in sperm production. Use stress-relieving methods like yoga, meditation, or deep breathing exercises.

  1. Exercise Regularly: Maintain a healthy body weight and enhance your general health by regularly engaging in physical activity. Avoid intense or excessive exertion, though, as they can have a detrimental effect on sperm production.
  2. Limit your use of alcohol and tobacco: Smoking and excessive alcohol use both lower sperm quality and quantity. It may be advantageous to cut back on or give up these habits.
  3. Avoid Using Illegal Drugs: Recreational drug usage, such as using marijuana or cocaine, might affect sperm function and production. It’s important to stay away from these things.
  4. Protect yourself against STDs: To lower the chance of sexually transmitted infections (STIs), engage in safe sexual behavior and use condoms. If untreated, some STIs can cause infertility.
  5. Limit Exposure to Toxins: Reduce exposure to environmental toxins such industrial chemicals, pesticides,
  6. Maintaining a Healthy Weight: Sperm production can be adversely impacted by both obese and underweight conditions. Utilize a healthy diet and exercise to achieve your ideal weight.
  7. Remain Calm: Hot tubs and saunas should not be used for extended periods of time as these hot environments can damage sperm production.
  8. Continual Health Checks: Regularly check in with your doctor and take care of any underlying illnesses that might be causing your oligozoospermia.
  9. Avoid Abuse of Electronic Devices: According to certain research, sperm production may be impacted by extended exposure to the heat produced by laptops or other portable electronic devices used on the lap. Instead, use a hard surface with such equipment.